Cool of The Day Cover jpg

Lesson #1

The Fall of Man

 

 

SCRIPTURE REFERENCE

 

Genesis 3:1-24 NASB

 

Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said to the woman, “Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?” And the woman said to the serpent, “From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it or touch it, lest you die.’” And the serpent said to the woman, “You surely shall not die! “For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate. Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loin coverings.

 

And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden. Then the LORD God called to the man, and said to him, “Where are you?” And he said “I heard the sound of Thee in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid myself.” And He said “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?” And the man said, “The woman whom Thou gavest to be with me, she gave me from the tree, and I ate,” Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” And the woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” And the LORD God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you more than all cattle, and more than every beast of the field; on your belly shall you go, and dust shall you eat all the days of your life; and I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; he shall bruise you on the head, and you shall bruise him on the heel.” To the woman HE said, “I will greatly multiply your pain I childbirth, in pain you shall bring forth children; yet your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.” Then to Adam He said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree about which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat from it’; cursed is the ground because of you; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life. “Both thorns and thistles it shall grow for you’ and you shall eat the plants of the field; by the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, because from it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.” Now the man called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all the living. And the LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife, and clothed them.

 

Then the LORD God said “Behold the man has become like one of US knowing good and evil; and now, lest he stretch out his hand, and take also from the tree of life, and eat, and live forever”-- therefore the LORD God sent him out from the garden of Eden, to cultivate the ground from which he was taken. So He drove the man out, and at the east of the garden of Eden He stationed the cherubim, and the flaming sword which turned every direction, to guard the way to the tree of life.

 

 

TEST OF OBEDIENCE

 

The beginning of our study of man’s fall and God’s redemption finds us standing in the midst of a beautiful garden. When God made man, He gave him explicit instructions about man’s conduct in this paradise of God. God told him he was not to eat from the tree that was in the midst of the garden or he would “surely die”. What was so unusual about this tree? Why was it so important for man

 

to leave it alone?

 

The forbidden tree was called “the tree of knowledge of good and evil”. The Hebrew word “knowledge” (tod - da’at) comes from the word “yada” (ody) and refers to knowledge gained by the senses. Until the moment Adam and Eve ate the fruit of this unlawful tree, they had only experienced good. They had only known what was in harmony with God’s thoughts. His ways of light and life were their only point of reference.

 

When God created Adam and placed him the garden to keep it and to cultivate it, He commanded him saying,

 

“From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you shall surely die.” (Genesis 2:16-17)

 

After the creation of Eve, God spoke the commandment once again, but this time He added one more phrase. His words were,

 

“You shall not eat from it or touch it, lest you die.” (Genesis 3:2)

 

The Creator knew the nature of the woman He had just formed. Man had been made from the dust of the earth. God formed his outer exterior and breathed life into the inanimate sculpture. Woman , on the other hand, was made from the living, inner substance of man. Her very essence was made from the materials found nearest the heart of man. Knowing that woman’s nature was more feeling oriented than man’s, God in His love and wisdom addressed her nature with His command. She was not only to eat from it; she was not to touch it! For both man and woman, God issued a command that required their total obedience. The punishment for disobedience had been made clear. To disobey would bring certain death.

 

THE SNAKE IN THE GRASS

 

If you’ve ever grown a garden, you are aware of the dangers of garden variety pests that can bring destruction to tender plants, destroying growth and terminating the ability to bear fruit. This paradise of God possessed a unique intruder who sapped the life from its tender shoots.

 

Helel (meaning “shining one” in Hebrew, translated Lucifer in Latin) had been one of God’s masterpieces. He had been created with beauty, splendor and wisdom. He was looked up to by all the angelic beings. But unfortunately, he forgot where he had acquired his attributes. He began to believe he could possess these qualities without God’s authority in his existence. Ezekiel 28:17 tells us,

 

Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty; You corrupted your wisdom by reason of your splendor...

 

God knew for mankind w to fulfill his eternal purpose, he would have to accept God’s ultimate rule and not fall into the same trap as heaven’s archangel. God also knew Helel’s self- righteous, self-serving pride would have to be exposed. Knowing that He would be able to deal with both issues at the same time, God placed Helel in the garden.

 

“You had the seal of perfection, perfect in beauty. You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was your covering:.. You were the anointed cherub who covers, and I placed you there. (Ezekiel 28:12b & 14:a)

 

God went on to say:

 

“How you have fallen from heaven, O star of the morning (Lit. Helel; i.e.

 

shining one) son of the dawn! You have been cut down to earth, You who

 

have weakened the nations! But you said in your heart, “I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God, and will sit on the mount of assembly in the recesses of the north. I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.” (Isaiah 14:12-14)

 

Cast down from his lofty position, Helel now became Satan. No longer was he God’s archangel, he was God’s archenemy. The battle for God’s prize position, man, had begun. Satan knew that if he was going to have any influence over mankind, he would have to get Adam and Eve to disobey God’s command. If they acted contrary to God’s word, they would no longer just have experiential knowledge of what was good; they would also experientially know evil. The eyes of their hearts and minds would see the paths of Satan’s making. This would give God’s archenemy a foothold in their lives giving him sway in their choices.

 

Satan also knew that the tree did not have some kind of magical element in its makeup. Its power to open the eyes was lodge in the command of God regarding its fruit. One act of disobedience would open their eyes to Satan’s domain.

 

 

THE COOL OF THE DAY

 

God did not abandon Adam and Eve when He place them in the garden. We are told in Genesis 3:8a

 

“And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day,...”

 

It was God’s custom to share a designated time of day with His creation. It wasn’t to be just any time of day. It was a special hour God chose. We find this same phrase used in Song of Solomon when the bride (a picture of the church) speaks of her bridegroom (Jesus) and says,

 

My beloved is mine, and I am His; He pastures his flock among the lilies. Until the cool of the day when the shadows flee away, turn, my beloved, and be like a gazelle or a young stag on the mountains of Bether. (Song of Solomon 2:16-17)

 

The bridegroom also longs for this quiet time to be with his beloved.

 

Until the cool of the day when the shadows flee away, I will go my way to the mountain of myrrh and to the hill of frankincense. (Song of Solomon 4:6)

 

What is so special about the “cool of the day”? Once again, as we go back into the Hebrew, we will find the fullness of its meaning. The word “cool” is the Hebrew word jar and literally means “wind” or “breezes”. It is also the same word used in the Old Testament for “spirit”.

 

We find the significance of the word “day” in Genesis 1:3-5a.

 

The God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. And God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness. And God called the light day, and the darkness he called night.

 

God separated the good thing He had created (light) from the darkness that

 

existed. He called this light “day”. To speak of “day” is to speak of “light”. Often we find in the Bible that the word “light” refers to the revelation of things.

 

For nothing is hidden, except to be revealed; nor has anything been secret, but that it should come to light. (Mark 4:22)

 

God chose to fellowship with His creation in the “cool of the day”, in the “Spirit of light,” in the Spirit of revelation. In God there is NO darkness!

 

God is light, and in Him is no darkness at all. (I John 1:5)

 

God’s daily tryst with His creation was a time of walking together in His Spirit, of revealing Himself, His thoughts and His ways.

 

DEADLY DECEPTION

 

If Satan was going to persuade Adam and his wife to disregard the law of the garden and choose disobedience, he would have to devise a cunning plan. With the inherent wisdom he was created with now corrupted, Satan devised a sure proof plan of deception. The steps of deception were so surefire that he continues to use them today. They are easily seen in his conversation with Eve.

 

*    He Gained Her Trust - The first thing Satan did was to take on the form of something Eve had come to trust. Genesis 3:1 tells us that the serpent was more “subtle” than any beast in the field. A careful look at this Hebrew word show us that this same word is used several time in the book of Proverbs. The difference is that the translators chose to interpret it in its positive sense in Proverbs, while translating it negatively in the Genesis account.

 

It is often translated “prudent” in the book of wisdom. Satan knew the nature of a snake was not “slyness” or “shrewdness,” but “prudence.” Jesus, the Creator, confirmed this thought when He referred to the wisdom of a snake as He commissioned His disciples. (see Matthew 10:16) Eve had come to know the nature of this magnificent creature, its non-aggressiveness and cautiousness. Satan knew Eve’s knowledge of the snake and choose to take on its form to confront his target.

 

He Caused Her To Question God’s Word - Once Satan had determined the form he would use to approach Eve, his next step was to determine her knowledge of God’s word. He asked her the question, “Indeed, has God said....” When he saw she was sure of what God had said, he caused her to question what He had not said, knowing it would cause her to doubt God’s word.

 

*   He Planted Error - Satan’s next step was to plant blatant error. God had said, “...you shall surely die.” Satan added one small ingredient, “You shall NOT surely die.”

 

He Mingled Truth With Error - Satan spoke the truth when he said, “For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” We see the truth of these words when we compare it to God’s statement after man had sinned.

 

Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, knowing good and evil;...” Genesis 3:22a

 

He knew that if he spoke enough truth, it would make the error palatable. A little bit of sugar has always made the medicine go down!

 

He Played On Her Desire To Be Like God - Satan knew that Eve’s greatest longing was to be like this wonderful God she walked with. It was not that Eve had an evil desire to be greater than God; she wanted to be like her Creator.

 

He Offered Her A Shortcut - Satan convinced Eve that there was an easier way to achieve her goal than through daily fellowship with God. He caused her to believe this one experience would give her everything she needed to be like the One she worshipped.

 

 

 

A pinch of trust, a seed of doubt, a trifle of truth, a handful of error, throw in the jiffy bake, and Presto! We have deception! The outcome was that Eve was deceived, disobeyed the Word of God, took of the forbidden fruit and gave to her husband who was with her. The Bible tells us their eyes were opened and immediately they knew they were naked. In desperation they tried to cover themselves, to push aside this new feeling of exposure, but nothing they could do restored what they had previously known. Sin had taken its toll and its ugly work was done. What hope was there? Would things ever be the same again?

 

 

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LESSON 1 - COURSE ENRICHMENT ASSIGNMENTS

 

 

Comprehension Questions

 

 1.  What tree was Adam and Eve told not to eat from?

 

 2.   What is another literal translation for “cool of the day?

 

 3.   What is another meaning for the Hebrew word which was translated “subtil” in the KJV?

 

 4.   What were the five steps Satan used to deceive Eve?

 

 5.   Where was Adam when Eve took of the forbidden fruit?

 

 6.   What was God’s command to Eve concerning the forbidden tree?

 

 7.    Where else in the Bible do we find the expression, “cool of the day?”

 

 8.    Why did Satan take on the form of a serpent?

 

 9.    What was Satan’s status and name before he fell?

 

10.    What awareness did Adam and Eve have immediately after eating of the forbidden tree?

 

 

Scripture References

 

1.  Where in the N.T. are we told that Eve was deceived?

2.  Where in the N.T. is Satan called “the serpent of old?”

3.  Where in the Bible does it speak of the path of the righteous being like the light of dawn, growing brighter and brighter until the full day?

4.  Where in the Bible are we told that Satan appears as an angel of light?

 

5. Where are the scriptures in Proverbs that have the same Hebrew word as the word “subtil” (KJV) found in Genesis 3:1?

 

VOCABU

 

Vocabulary

 

Instructions: Look up the following words on the chart below in the language designated.

 

 

ENGLISH

HEBREW

GREEK

obedience

light

 

disobey

darkness

 

senses

good

 

fellowship

evil

 

prudent

sin

 

wisdom

wisdom

 

knowledge

knowledge

 

doubt

Adam

 

truth

Eve

 

deception

Satan

Satan

 

 

Devil

 

 

Discussion or Essay Questions

 

Adam and Eve both knew about death before they experienced it. God had clearly told them if they ate of the forbidden fruit it would result in death. What are some of the ways God could have illustrated death to them?

What can we learn by the fact that when Adam and Even’s eyes were opened they knew they were naked?

How does disobedience affect our daily lives and our walk with God?

Why was Adam charged with bringing sin into the world and not Eve?

 

 

 

 

 

Translation Passage

 

Instructions: Study the words in the original language. Write an expanded translation of the verse using as many English words as needed to give the full meaning of each word.

 

 

Translation Passage: Genesis 3:7

 

 

 

 

 

(TO BE CONTINUED)